my MUA reviews: odds & ends

Masks, treatment of spots/zits, toners, old wife things, scrubs, and anything else that gets categorized by MUA as “treatments” but doesn’t fit exactly into “moisturisers.” Though there is some duplication with earlier posts on moisturisers (old reviews).

Treatments – Garden of Wisdom – Oat Enriched Facial Serum  rated 5 of 5 gingerrama on 4/6/2011 5:02:00 PM

On my 2nd bottle: have been using this off and on for a little over 2 months, so enough time to have ascertained that it doesn’t do any harm and seems to do some good–or at least contribute to good. So it’s time to review.
This is an odourless water-based serum; various sorts of oat in colloidal solution, plus seamollient, honey, preservative. Full product information here
and, for comparison, GoW’s full list of “Healing and Soothing Products”
(you may need to click “continue” to activate links).
How to use: on skin, as GoW wisely say, in the water-stage of your skincare. Needs a good shake before use. I use it on face, eye area, neck, throat down to bosom. Either applying it mixed with witch-hazel hydrosol after washing, or patting a couple of drops in after the witch (all this followed by rosehip oil, DDML, shea butter or vaseline on dry patches and undereye+corners area, sunscreen in day). I’ve also been using it locally on other eczematic areas–insides of wrists and other joints. And using it when flying: none of my usual combination of breakouts and cracky dryness during and afterwards.
Skin type here: thin, fragile, irritable, reactive, off-and-on eczematic, sensitive; slightly dry.
I first tried this out as I’d been using a lot of A-Derma products (oat-based) and they were becoming hard to find locally; so I looked around for other oat-based things. The search became more necessary as my skin was going into more eczematic mode, and oaty stuff is on my list of Things That Help (oatmeal baths for starters). Eczema return possibly triggered and more certainly exacerbated by increase in stress over last few months–bereavement, work, less sleep, more conferences, several more international trips half-way round the world, cumulative jet-lag that must surely be going to kick in with a vengeance any day now.
Results to report: zero irritation; soothing; skin moist; eczema under control, as of time of writing pretty much gone. Now, I can’t in all honesty and scientific exactitude blame this serum: but it’s part of a set of products that are working well and doing good. I did try not using it, and while I didn’t shrivel up and die, I did notice that skin felt better–more comfortable, smoother, sleeker–when using it. So it gets an unreserved thumbs up.
Available from Garden of Wisdom online. Cruelty-free. $19.30 for 1 oz, $6.05 for a 0.25 oz mini, good for trying out or travel, plus shipping (reasonable, and superb customer service). Honest price for what it is, given the ingredients and that this kind of serum is tricky to make. The only comparable product I’ve found–minimalist formula, no extra unnecessary fluff, decent company, fair prices–is Silk Naturals’ oatmeal serum (cheaper, thicker, but has sea kelp). A-Derma also has a water-based oaty spray.
INGREDIENTS: Distilled Water – Seamollient – Fermented Oat Extract – Oat Beta Glucans – Honey – Cromoist [hydrolyzed oats] – Panthenol B-5 – Co2 Oat Extract – Optiphen
Silk Naturals Oatmeal Hydrating Serum, for comparison: $9.95/2oz or $1.00/5ml. INGREDIENTS: Distilled Water, White Tea Extract, Licorice Extract, Tamarind Seed Extract, Lactobacillus/Kelp Ferment Filtrate, Hydrolyzed Oats, Sodium PCA, Gluconolactone (and) Sodium Benzoate, Hydroxyethyl Cellulose, Panthenol
A-Derma Epithéliale spray, for comparison (NB info found online, not seen in the flesh): €10.00-12.00 / 75 ml. INGREDIENTS: Aqua, Dimethyl Ether, Hexylene Glycol, Glycerin, Avena Sativa (oat) kernel oil, Hydrogenated Lecithin, Panthenol, Propylene Glycol, Retinyl Palmitate, Sorbitan Palmitate, Tocopheryl Acetate, Benzyl Alcohol, BHT, Disodium EDTA, Methylparaben.

Treatments – A-Derma – Dermalibour Cream  rated 5 of 5 gingerrama on 7/5/2010 5:32:00 PM

This is the best zinc oxide cream I’ve used. An anti-bacterial repair cream, protective, soothing. Fragrance-free and lanolin-free. Unlike, well, nearly every other zinc oxide cream on the market. Also contains copper sulfate, zinc sulfate, and the A-Derma special oaty goodness.
It’s in an aluminium tube. The stuff itself is white, creamy, thick, concentrated. Like any other zinc oxide cream. Apply in similar manner: either rub in, or apply a thin layer (if on irritated fragile skin).
Uses: nappy/diaper-rash cream (especially if you’re avoiding lavender), barrier repair cream, topical dabs on zits or other bits of unhapoy/damaged skin, as a mask on irritation (leave on, rinse off eventually), post-procedure repair.
Bonus use, my daily one: Very good as an underarm deodorant, in my “deodowitch”–this + potassium alum spray (a.k.a. crystal rock, mineral deodorant) + dusting powder (one with bicarbonate of soda and clay).
Costs around CAD20.00 for a 50 ml tube. Cruelty-free. There’s also a stick version, that’s super-solid but does contain lanolin.
INGREDIENTS (cream): Aqua, Mineral Oil (Paraffinum Liquidum), Caprylic / Capric Triglyceride, Glycerin, Hydrogenated Vegetable Oil, Zinc Oxide, PEG-30 Dipolyhydroxystearate, Propylene Glycol, Avena Sativa (Oat) Kernel Flour (Avena Sativa Flour), PEG-22 / Dodecyl Glycol Copolymer, Avena Sativa (Oat) Kernel Oil (Avena Sativa Kernel Oil), Copper Sulfate, Magnesium Sulfate, Zinc Sulfate.
INGREDIENTS (stick, 8g): Mineral Oil (Paraffinum Liquidum), Caprylic / Capric Triglyceride, Hydrogenated Lanolin, Isopropyl Palmitate, Ozokerite, Castor Seed Oil, Hydrogenated Castor Oil, Zinc Oxide, Beeswax (Cera Alba), Bis-Diglyceryl Polyacyladipate-2, Cetyl Esters, Avena Sativa (Oat) Kernel Flour, Hydrogenated Polyisobutene, Titanium Dioxide, Aqua, Copper Sulfate, Propylparaben, Triethoxycaprylylsilane, Trimethoxycaprylylsilane, Zinc Sulfate.

Treatments -Weleda – Baby Calendula Diaper Care  rated 4 of 5 gingerrama on 2/7/2010 3:02:00 AM

UPDATE [07/2010]: moved over to A-Derma’s Dermalibour cream. Fragrance-free, cruelty-free, vegan ingredients (as far as I can see, anyway, and more so than this), and nicer to my armpits. It’s more expensive, though, being marketed in part as a heavy-hitting repair cream.
Best “greener” zinc oxide cream I’ve found. There are several others around, but all smell–to my nose–very strongly of lavender. Which I don’t like (quite aside from cytotoxity issues etc.) This one doesn’t: just plain old chamomile and marigold. And it’s plain and simple on the ingredients too, with a good healthy 12% ZnO.
My other favourite zinc oxide cream (here in Canada) that’s easily available in B&MS: Zincofax fragrance-free. Call it, well, an unfragranced version of this, but based on mineral oil and petrolatum rather than beeswax, sweet almond oil, and sesame seed oil.
While the Weleda cream is petrochemical-free, mainly plant-based, and cruelty-free (and from a very respectably ethical company), it’s not vegan. The only vegan ones I’ve found have contained lavender. Other than Dermalibour, which contains no animal ingredients, is cruelty-free, but not actively marketed as vegan…
The Weleda comes in a tube with a screw-cap lid. Unlike the more usual plastic tubs for other ZnO creams.
Uses: this is a white pasty thick cream, for topical application. Main use: on infant posteriors. Handy for adults on any rashes, skin irritations, low-grade zits, general soothing and healing and bug-combatting. Good on some kinds of eczematic patches too (if caught before they get to the dry, flaky, fragile stage). Great for deodorizing armpits: first thing in the morning I’m using this or the Zincofax, a layer of Lafe’s Unscented Spray Deodorant (basically potassium alum/mineral salt), and then a layer of Burt’s Bees Baby Dusting Powder (corn starch, bicarbonate of soda, clay). Lasts pong-free all day, there’s just a hint of subtle not unpleasant muskiness in the evening: but none of that sour milk tone of, well, deodorizing failure… and the powder absorbs most of the actual sweat.
Be careful on face: some people are less tolerant of lanolin, though it’s usually fine–and, indeed, the ingredients in this kind of minimalist unguent are low-comedogenicity and low-irritation. I’ve put this stuff on a 4 for that reason; mild lanolin issues here.
Recommended for anyone looking for a ZnO cream that doesn’t overpower you with the lavender, or for an alternative to the usual drugstore ones. Though more expensive than them, it’s still a much more decent price than any other similar product found in my local Whole Foods and similar. Costs around CAD 12.00-14.00 for 81g.
INGREDIENTS: Active Ingredients
Zinc Oxide 12%.*****
Inactive Ingredients
Beeswax, Benzyl Benzoate, Benzyl Salicylate, Calendula Flower Extract, Chamomile Flower Extract, Geraniol, Glyceryl Linoleate, Hectorite, Lanolin, Limonene, Linalool, Sweet Almond Oil, Sesame Seed Oil, Water.
* from natural essential oils

Treatments – Zincofax  rated 4 of 5 gingerrama on 2/7/2010 2:50:00 AM

Zinc oxide cream. Of the diaper-/nappy-rash variety. Many kinds are available, including pharmacy generics. This one happens to be the main one available here in Canada, and the only one I’ve found thus far in drugstores that’s cheap, fragrance-free, and contains the minimum of other ingredients. (I particularly dislike lavender, and nearly all of them are lavender-scented–to at least some degree–like Sudocrem. Even the “nice green” ones. Weleda diaper cream is about the least offensive, smelling of chamomile and marigold.)
Available in a fragrance-free version (mine), the usual lavender-scented one, and an extra-strength (40% ZnO) that’s also lavender-scented. All are in small plastic tubs and I’ve also seen a smaller (50g?) tube. The fragrance-free is in a 130g one, plain jane packaging.
Uses & pros: this is a white pasty thick cream, for topical application. Main use: on infant posteriors. Handy for adults on any rashes, skin irritations, low-grade zits, general soothing and healing and bug-combatting. Good on some kinds of eczematic patches too (if caught before they get to the dry, flaky, fragile stage). Great for armpits: I’m using this, a layer of Lafe’s Unscented Spray Deodorant (basically potassium alum/mineral salt), and a layer of Burt’s Bees Baby Dusting Powder (corn starch, bicarbonate of soda, clay).
Cons/caveats: Be careful on face: some people are less tolerant of lanolin, though it’s usually fine–and, indeed, the ingredients in this kind of minimalist unguent are low-comedogenicity and low-irritation. A 4 from me, as mild lanolin issue; Dermalibour is better on me, but pricier.
Costs around CAD 9.00 for 130 g. Slightly more expensive than the other drugstore and supermarket zinc oxide creams I’ve found here (but minus the scent); several times cheaper than the health-food/eco store ones. Weleda Baby Calendula Diaper Care (12% ZnO) is the nearest I’ve found to a good “greener” one that doesn’t reek of lavender, is readily obtainable, and doesn’t break the bank (CAD 12.00-14.00/81g); and it’s still not vegan (lanolin, beeswax). The only vegan ones I’ve found have contained lavender. Other than Dermalibour, which contains no animal ingredients, is cruelty-free, but not actively marketed as vegan…
INGREDIENTS: 15% zinc oxide + Lanolin, mineral oil, petrolatum.

Toners -Garden of Wisdom – Witch Hazel Hydrosol  rated 5 of 5 gingerrama on 9/26/2009 7:59:00 PM

This is plain, simple, straight-forward, nothing-else-added, steam-distilled witch hazel. Aqueous solution. No alcohol.
Yes, there are other witch hazels out there that are as good: that is, good on sensitive and irritable skin. On other witch hazels, and if your requirements are similar: the desirable features to look out for are a lack of alcohol, and of anything else (scent, any other additivies, etc. – Dickinsons, I’m looking at you!).
The GoW one comes in two sizes: 4 oz and 16 oz. In a plastic screw-top bottle. I got the big one, keep it in the refrigerator, and decant as needed into a smaller plastic flip-top bottle (from Muji) that lives in the bathroom.
Uses: as a toner, either applied using a cotton-wool pad, or as a splash (pour a little into palm of hand, pat hands together, then pat on face), can also be used in a spray (requires purchase of appropriate spritzer bottle, fairly easily found). In the Gingerrama case, of an evening, after cleansing and before moisturising. Good on any spotty or irritated bits, rashes, minor abrasions and other skin stuff, plus on insect bites and bruises. Generally soothing, calming, anti-irritant, mild astringent, some very lightweight antiseptic properties. Other than cosmetic use, it’s a good thing to keep in one’s first-aid kit at home.
Costs $3.25 for 4 oz / $9.20 for 16 oz + shipping. Even that smaller size is cheaper than drugstore/pharmacy alcohol-based solutions I’d bought previously, and considerably cheaper than other health-food store versions (ex. Potter’s in Ireland: 2 to 3 times the price). Cruelty-free.
INGREDIENTS: water, witch-hazel.


Treatments – Hydrocortisone Cream  rated 5 of 5 gingerrama on 8/5/2009 7:47:00 PM

A.k.a. corticosteroid cream. For topical application, as opposed to the version for oral administration. This is a review for a number of non-prescription, over-the-counter pharmacy own-brand creams, as well as branded versions. They tend to be more or less the same; strengths vary from 0.5 to 2.5%, roughly; stronger available on prescription.
Main use: calming skin irritation due to allergic (over-)reaction. As an immunosuppressant. For further information on how this all works, a good start would be the “cortisol” entries in Wikipedia and on medical sites c/o Google. For further information on side-effects and contra-indications, look up “corticosteroid.”
Uses: on skin, to calm a range of skin irritations. Spots / zits that might be all manner of things, and easily blanket-labelled as “acne”. Insect bites. Apply to the affected area only (i.e. not all over you face/head/self), only a teeny dot, in a very thin layer. Pat in. Some recommend rubbing it in, but this may or may not possible depending on how irritated the skin is. It is usually recommended that hydrocortisone cream be used for a short time only, as an emergency treatment, due to the side-effects from long-term steroid use (NB this is different from taking tonnes of body-building type steroids!).
Other ingredients may include white soft paraffin, cetostearyl alcohol, liquid paraffin – and other waxes and emollients – and water.

Masks – Yogurt Mask  rated 5 of 5 gingerrama on 12/31/2008 8:19:00 PM

Marvellous stuff, on the lactose-tolerant, sensitive, fragile of skin. If you have issues with cow milk products, try goat or sheep milk yoghurt, or else goat/sheep milk powder mixed with water. Have tried them successfully; haven’t tried using soy- or oat-milk products, but I suspect they’d be worth a go. That briefest of caveats aside: this stuff is so mild the worst that would probably happen – if your skin is tougher and needs something more potent – is nothing at all.
Here are three mask recipes, all using plain natural yoghurt (i.e. no added sugar, flavours, bits of fruit, etc.):
(1) Emergency: simply apply yoghurt to skin. Straight out of fridge or at room temperature. Indeed, if in a state of desperation, straight out of the yoghurt container, and using the hands. Good for calming irritation and sensitivity. Burns, rashes, bites – I first used this on sunburn when a child, before the dawning of the great age of modern sunscreens that actually work. Apply a layer to affected skin, and leave it for as long as possible. Some will absorb – nice and moisturising – and the rest will dry, then can be washed off very easily, with plain water.
A thicker yoghurt works best for this, simply because the texture makes it easier to apply and helps it stay on: full-fat, and Greek-style (or Turkish or variously Balkan) yoghurt.
(2) Basic face mask: mix 1 teaspoonful of yoghurt + 1 teaspoonful of honey. Applied in a thin layer to face, neck, and bosom. Can be left on for as little as 5 min in shower (while washing hair and rest of self), or up to 30 min (till really dry and crumbly). Then rinsed off. Skin is soft and soothed afterwards. Excellent if skin’s been misbehaving or upset. Being very mild, can be used daily if so desired. Takes seconds to prepare in kitchen beforehand: I recommend using a small container (ex. egg-cup) to transport the mask to the bathroom. Unless you’re a luxurious person with an in-bathroom fridge …
Works with any honey tried so far. Fine with a thinner yoghurt (and – see other reviews below – low-fat is recommended, for AHA reasons). The mask should be sufficiently non-liquid so as not to fall off the face: other than that practicality, texture is a matter of individual preference. I’ve had perfectly satisfactory results with many a yoghurt: though I do still prefer to use the same pot for eating and for skincare, being a lazy shopper (and a pedestrian, with at least a 30 min walk between shops/public transport and home).
OK, not technically a mask – more a speeded-up version of the in-shower mask – but a thin yoghurt or a drinking yoghurt (the plain drinking yoghurt you get in cartons in Europe) also makes a good simple cleansing milk. As does milk (the clue’s in the name). Use as any other creamy non-foaming cleanser: dampen skin (ideally, using a facecloth and tepid water), apply a little yoghurt or milk (1 or 2 teaspoonfuls: again, best via the intermediary of an unbreakable container), rub in, rinse off. Common practice for generations, but just adding this use here in case anyone’s not met the idea. No guarantees on heavy-duty make-up; it does remove lightweight sunscreen; above all, nice and refreshing in the morning.
(3) The complete face mask: add oatmeal. Best ground down a little, and soaked in warm water (as if making porridge), then mixed in. Quantities: for a good solid mask, a little more oatmeal than the total quantity of the other ingredients combined. This mask can be applied and left until it dries; it can also be used as a super-gentle scrub. As a mask, works well with cold teabags on closed eyes, as an eye-mask. Happy memories of many girls’ nights in, over many years. (Not keeping the same mask on for all these years, I hasten to add.) Infinite variations exist: e.g. the addition of mashed banana and/or avocado on drier skin. The world’s your oyster … Same proportions again: at least 50% oatmeal. Easiest to make in a larger batch, and thus either for a bunch of people or for a weekend of twice-daily self-pampering.
Cheap. Makes you gorgeous. Smells lovely. Fully edible. And performs miracles on messed-up skin – on this particular one anyway, that’s physically thin (gets scratched and bleeds with nearly all scrubs) and easily irritated (sometimes resulting in spots and rashes), slightly dry, occasional cystic pimpliciousness on chin (currently none, touch wood it’s under control).
Recommended as part of a general leisurely – maybe even slow-motion – hung-over pampering: groaning gently to oneself feels like the perfect accompaniment. Mind you, so is humming happily.

Treatments – Honey  rated 5 of 5 gingerrama on 12/31/2008 4:08:00 PM

Amazing stuff. Uses found thus far:
(1) Besides the obvious* – mix 50/50 with plain natural yoghurt for a face mask; can be left on for as little as 5 min in shower, or up to 30 min (till really dry and crusty). Then rinsed off. Skin is soft and soothed afterwards. Excellent if skin’s been misbehaving or upset. I use any honey for this. (See YOGURT MASK for further details.)
(2) Amazing on zits. I’m a sceptical sort of person, and not often amazed. I use New Zealand manuka honey for this, with UPF 10+ / MGO 100+. Available from health food stores, and some supermarkets. Another – cheaper – option is a blended NZ/Australian honey, which is part manuka (NZ), part tea-trea (AUS): if it’s in Irish supermarkets, it ought to be findable anywhere…
Dot on to clean dry skin, using a Q-tip / cotton-wool bud. Leave for as long as possible or practicable: even just 15 min or so in the morning (while doing make-up and breakfast, say) makes a difference. And then a second application, ideally left on overnight. If zits are in parts of face that’ll hit pillow and risk hitting hair, put a sticking-plaster on top.
Results: again, general soothing; massively reduced inflammation; the more minor individual zits diminished or nearly gone; the bigger ones closer to surface and (when left overnight, under a plaster) de-gunkified (gunk on plaster, mmmm yummy). Spots are dry (including nasty open red ones) without the surrounding skin being dried out.
(3) Mixing a spoonful into conditioner doesn’t do any harm either.
Like I said, amazing stuff. And even more expensive manuka honey is a lot cheaper than any spot treatment on the market. Sorry for not getting around to reviewing this until the end of the year – please count it as a happy New Year gift for 2009!
* The obvious: Eating it, cooking with it, in tea, on toast, etc. Makes you glow inside and out. I also keep two jars of New Zealand manuka honey. A high UPF one in the first-aid box for topical application for wounds and bites. A second, lower UPF one, for zits, and for coughs and colds and sore throats. Can be stirred into hot drinks and hot toddies, but also brilliant if a spoonful is held in mouth (sans spoon) for as long as possible, then swallowed very slowly to coat the throat on the way down. Thanks to Aine for that tip – helped heal sever tracheitis with 2 weeks’ voice loss! Subsequent bad throats have gone away within a couple of days.

Toners -Boots – Face rosewater toner  rated 5 of 5 gingerrama on 12/11/2008 7:03:00 AM

Boots make two rosewater & glycerin toners. Both excellent.
One is in their “traditional” skincare range (there’s also an excellent cold cream and basic moisturising cream). It contains various other things too, and comes in a big squeezy plastic bottle. All well and good.
The other, though, is splendid. And smells in a different league. This is in the new (late 2008) Boots Botanics Organics range. There’s also a cream cleanser in a pot (like many another balm cleanser, Eve Lom, cold cream, that sort of thing) and a couple of moisturisers, plus a great general-purpose balm and lipbalm. And assorted bathing products. The range is small but perfectly formed.
The toner is ace on its own: very gentle and soothing. I usually use it mixed with witch hazel (Potters’ aqueous solution/liquid, and nothing else added – NOT the alcohol version). Proportions: 75 ml witch : 150 ml rose. Decanted into Muji PET flip-top bottles.
Shake bottle, and either apply using cotton wool pad (evening) or pour a little into palm of hand, rub hands together, and pat on (morning). Then moisturise etc.
Costs about EUR 5.00. Comes in a 150 ml. plastic bottle with aluminium screw-cap.
INGREDIENTS: water, alcohol denat., glycerin, rosa damascena flower oil, citronellol

Toners -Dr. Hauschka – Dr. Hauschka Facial Toner  rated 2 of 5 gingerrama on 12/11/2008 6:54:00 AM

Well, I did say “Skin in good condition. Will report back if any disasters ensue.” I’ve now abandoned all things Dr H. and returned to milder stuff.
Some people might be able to use this on its own. I used it diluted, as too stripping on its own (and the Clarifying one is frightening). Smells bizarre (but fine once diluted with rosewater).
Mixed with witch hazel (Potters’ aqueous solution/liquid, and nothing else added – NOT the alcohol version) and rosewater & glycerin (Boots Organics). Proportions: 75 ml witch : 150 ml rose : 100 ml Dr. H. Decanted into Muji PET flip-top bottles.
Shake bottle, and either apply using cotton wool pad (evening) or pour a little into palm of hand, rub hands together, and pat on (morning). Then moisturise etc.
Initially, all well. Some weeks later: irritation, dry flaky patches, bumpy scaly bits on wings of nose and tops of cheeks. Returned to milder things, and to rosewater & witch-hazel combo on the toner front. Skin happier.
It is expensive – around EUR 21.00-24.00 – but when diluted, works out a better price. Neither as good a price nor as good a result as my mixture MINUS the Dr H. Horrible, horrible bottle.
INGREDIENTS: Water/Aqua, Anthyllis Vulneraria Extract, Alcohol, Hamamelis Virginiana (Witch Hazel) Extract, Fragrance/Parfum (Essential Oil), Linalool, Citronellol, Geraniol, Limonene

Toners – Drugstore Witch hazel  rated 5 of 5 gingerrama on 10/6/2008 6:24:00 AM

Great for dealing with spots (late-onset hormonal cystic acne in my case) on sensitive skin. If you’ve tried everything and they all make things worse; and worse still, if they cause you and your wallet pain: try this.
I made the mistake of playing around with retinol-things, glycolic acid, and salicylic acid. Separately – I may have been feeling adventurous, but not completely irresponsible. Skin reacted to all of them, sometimes dramatically (the former two). Spots might go away for a while, but the skin where those stronger items had been applied was always irritated and looked blemishy. I also know from my teenage years that my skin strongly dislikes benzoyl peroxide.
So I tried good old witch hazel: a simple distilled version, just in plain solution, no alcohol, no other ingredients. Have used several, from various drugstores / chemists and health food stores. Irritation is gone and spots are barely there. It’s simply fantastic stuff. And soooo cheap.
Method of application: pour out a little into palm of hand, dab fingertips of other hand into this little pool, and dot onto affected areas.
I also use this as a toner, mixed with rosewater & glycerin (Boots Organics) and Dr. Hauschka toner (the non-paintstripper one): 75 ml witch : 150 ml rose : 100 ml Dr. H. Decanted into Muji PET flip-top bottles. Shake bottle, and either apply using cotton wool pad (evening) or pour a little into palm of hand, rub hands together, and pat on (morning). Then moisturise etc.
I only use very basic cleansers (ex. Avene extremely gentle); moisturise very lightly, and not at night; and sunscreen on top during the day.
There are many makes and varieties of witch hazel out there. Tips for selection: make sure it’s the watery rather than alcohol-based type, has nothing else in it, isn’t fragranced, and comes in a bottle with a nozzle-top (or decant it into a Muji one or similar).

Scrubs – brown sugar scrub  rated 5 of 5 gingerrama on 6/29/2008 7:48:00 PM

Best scrub I’ve ever used: with different-size grains for different body parts and their varying needs. This is one of the few scrubs I’ve ever used successfully (very thin, delicate, sensitive, redhead skin) – ex. pimply upper arms – and the cheapest by far. The other favourite that I would consider buying is a Clarins one… about a million times the price, for similar results.
I’ve had good results with various sorts of household brown sugar (muscovado-type; demerara is too big a grain) as well as standard caster sugar (used on face, and fine on body too). I either mix this with my regular cleanser, or with body oil: mineral and/or sunflower here, as this skin is happy with them and gets upset by “heavier” oils.
Can be kept in an elegant container in the shower, then mixed in; or you can mix up a quantity, scent it with favourite unguents and so on. I just leave it in its container and mix it in, as not mixing scents – my skin works best with simpler stuff, tends to react at the drop of a hat, avoiding many fragranced products.

Scrubs – Sugar Scrub  rated 5 of 5 gingerrama on 6/29/2008 7:47:00 PM

Best scrub I’ve ever used: with different-size grains for different body parts and their varying needs. This is one of the few scrubs I’ve ever used successfully (very thin, delicate, sensitive, redhead skin) – ex. pimply upper arms – and the cheapest by far. The other favourite that I would consider buying is a Clarins one… about a million times the price, for similar results.
I’ve had good results with various sorts of household brown sugar (muscovado-type, demerara is too big a grain) as well as standard caster sugar (used on face, and fine on body too). I either mix this with my regular cleanser, or with body oil: mineral and/or sunflower here, as this skin is happy with them and gets upset by “heavier” oils.
Can be kept in an elegant container in the shower, then mixed in; or you can mix up a quantity, scent it with favourite unguents and so on. I just leave it in its container and mix it in, as not mixing scents – my skin works best with simpler stuff, tends to react at the drop of a hat, avoiding many fragranced products.

Scrubs – Clinique – Gentle exfoliator  rated 2 of 5 gingerrama on 6/29/2008 7:35:00 PM

This was not as bad as the 7-day scrub, but still irritated my face – and left an oily film.
Sensitive-skinned people: do be careful of SA who try to convince you that a scrub really is gentle. While exfoliation – of whatever sort your skin can take, and physical (like a scrub) or chemical (AHA etc.) – is generally agreed to be A Good Thing for cell turnover and deblocking gunged-up pores… there are limits, within the bounds of common sense. If something is removing a layer of skin and what’s underneath is raw and bleeding; if skin is showing classic text-book signs of irritation (red, rash, swelling, itching, pain, etc.), that’s gone over the line into Not Sensible; and might have fallen right into the possibly foolish.
Not nearly as good as fine-grain sugar mixed in with regular cleanser, I’m afraid. Now that, on this sensitive skin, does actually work a treat.

Scrubs – Clinique – 7 Day Scrub Cream  rated 1 of 5 gingerrama on 6/29/2008 7:33:00 PM

Not good. Execrable on face, just about acceptable on body. Irritation, blotchiness, swelling, break-out. Luckily I caught it fast, soothed it a lot, and it went down in a few hours. Same with othe facial scrubs I’ve tried, Clinique and otherwise. Fortunately this was a GWP and could be thrown away.
Not as good as fine sugar mixed with usual facial cleanser – that remains the only facial scrub that’s worked for me.
OK on body, though; and like other Clinique stuff, a generously-sized GWP, non-fragranced, and sensible squeezy tube.

Scrubs – Salt  rated 5 of 5 gingerrama on 6/29/2008 7:27:00 PM

Excellent heavier-duty scrub for hands and feet: I use ordinary table or sea salt, NOT the coarse-grain or large-crystal type. Mix in with olive oil, and apply. Rub. Massage. Rinse off.
It’s easiest to do hands and feet together, sitting on edge of bath. Do feet first, the rub hands together. Hands can also be done in kitchen during the day, for a quick pick-me-up.
One could be fancier and add essential oils, make up one’s own scrub in bigger quantities, put it in jars, and so on. I tend to just make this up on the hoof.
Leaves hands and feet lovely and smooth; very good on heels.
Also recommended: while scrubbing at feet, fill a basin (or part of bathtub, shallowly) with warm water. Dunk salty oily feet in. Hey presto! Bonus!! Two for the price of one: a very pleasant and relaxing foot soak. Leave them there for a few minutes, till the water starts to cool.

Scrubs – Sugar  rated 5 of 5 gingerrama on 6/29/2008 7:21:00 PM

Best scrub I’ve ever used: with different-size grains for different body parts and their varying needs. This is the only scrub I’ve ever used successfully on my face (very thin, delicate, sensitive, redhead skin): but only using very very very fine grain caster (or indeed icing) sugar, being very gentle, and only if skin is in a more resilient state (which mine usually isn’t).
It’s also one of a small number of scrubs that have worked on the rest of me, ex. pimply upper arms – and the cheapest by far.
As other reviewers have said, caster sugar is great on the face: just mix in with your usual cleanser, rub on gently, rinse off. Can be kept in an elegant container in the shower.

Scrubs – Clarins – Smoothing Body Scrub for a New Skin with Bamboo Powders  rated 5 of 5 gingerrama on 6/29/2008 7:17:00 PM

I got this in a GWP, in a very generous 75 ml sample, and would readily buy it again. This is one of the nicest body scrubs I’ve used, and one of the few that gets rid of the goosepimply bits on my upper arms without also causing irritation, or breakouts, or rashes and swellings, or scratching my skin.
Looks like it’ll last quite a while, but I would certainly buy a real live full-size bottle when this runs out. While I like DIY sugar scrub, I must admit that this is better…
Slightly fragranced, but nothing to have hairy fits about – quite pleasant and subtle; as usual with Clarins, no animal testing, and some silly nonsense on the packaging. The main scrubbing element would appear to be bits of bamboo.



Treatments – Paula’s Choice – 2 % BHA Liquid  rated 5 of 5 gingerrama on 5/7/2008 7:28:00 AM

HG. This is the best product I have found for this particular case of late-onset cystic acne, on skin that’s otherwise sensitive, irritable, physically thin, approximately normal and occasionally dry. I’ve had horrid reactions to everything except BHA / salicylic acid. I waited a reasonable time to review this, to check it’s working well. A big thank you to people on the Skincare Board for providing such superb information and guidance on the PC BHA products.
I’m now using it basically for maintenance, and just at night: skin is almost clear. For the record, the other products I’m using are very basic (see notepad), and I’ve been taking omega-3 and omega-6: a flaxseed oil capsule to provide 580 mg ALA + an evening primrose oil one supplying 100 mg GLA.
The nozzle-dropper thing isn’t perfect; but I drop out a teeny bit and dot it onto afflicted areas with (clean) finger-tip. Zero burning; no greasy film; slight shine goes down rapidly. Above all, it works admirably well.
Costs USD 17.95 or EUR 18.50 + shipping, for 4 oz / 118 ml. No animal testing.
As the PC BHA concoctions come in different varieties, it’s worth doing searches on the Boards as well as here in P’ville to see what looks likely to be better for your skin; I also bought sample-sizes of several, to check.
The gels are more sticky, and dried a bit oddly – might be fine at night. I found they made little difference to my skin. I found the liquid and lotions more effective.
The 2% lotion is more like a matte light facial lotion-moisturiser in texture, and has various emollient moisturising ingredients (inc. sweet almond oil, grape seed oil, squalene). The 1% lotion feels mid-way between the 2% liquid (this one here in the review) and 2% lotion. Either of these might be useful to use as a moisturiser on acne-prone areas – especially if you have one of the varieties of acne that’s on areas of skin that are otherwise on the dry side. I happen not to need that, as mine is very localised and non-dry; I moisturise all over in the evening, and everywhere except the spotty areas in the morning.
I went for the liquid in the end as it worked the best, using the least for application, and with fewest extra non-functional ingredients. It happens to fit my needs for something just dotted on chin and by nose – the testosterone “beard area,” as it were.
INGREDIENTS: Water, Methylpropanediol (slip agent/penetration enhancer), Salicylic Acid(beta hydroxy acid/exfoliant), Camellia Oleifera (Green Tea) Extract (anti-irritant/antioxidant), Butylene Glycol, Polysorbate-20 (water-binding agents), Sodium Hydroxide (pH balancer), Disodium EDTA (preservative).

Treatments – Boots – Expert Anti-Blemish Gel  rated 3 of 5 gingerrama on 3/26/2008 7:16:00 AM

OK cheap simple on-the-spot treatment. This light salicylic acid-based fragrance-free clear gel comes in a small (15 ml) tube, an excellent format for dotting on individual zits. The tube is also capable of standing up on its non-application end. Concentrated and cheap (EUR 6.10 / GBP 3.99).
Not quite as potent as Origins’ Spot Remover, that I’m keeping for dramatic outbreaks; the Expert is much gentler. No issues on irritation. But – I’m not sure it actually does anything to pimplicious zones (chin, mainly – hormonal cystic acne). Hence I prefer three products whose results have been more tangible: the Spot Remover (for zapping), Paula’s Choice 2% BHA liquid (for nightly treatment), and Avene Cleanance (the non-K one) on zitty zones during the day.
Like Chelleywhite, I’ve been very impressed with those items in the Boots Expert Anti-Blemish line I’ve tried. I also agree with her that their marketing is (for once – and in a positive way – and speaking as a confirmed sceptic) spot-on to target non-teenage sufferers from the zittoricious blight. Many treatments formulated for earlier-onset acne are too harsh and drying; those of us with later-onset (and differently hormonally triggered) cystic acne need something gentler. The products’ blurbs all starts out :
“Whatever your age, blemishes and blocked pores can be a problem. Take action with this…”
which is not only attractive to us oldies-but-softies, but more positive and proactive than many a message shot at Us by the misogynist machine that is the cosmetics industry, to keep women (and/via their new-found wealth, gained in turn from more open access to jobs) in a state of silliness and fear (paradoxically, through their new means to power). So thank you Boots, for bucking the system. Mind you, I’m in two minds whether it would be better still or an unutterable travesty to see the addition of great feminist icons on packaging – Joan of Arc with sword, Virginia Woolf plus pen, etc.
INGREDIENTS: aqua – alcohol denat. – butylene glycol – sodium citrate – salicylic acid – hydroxyethylcellulose

Treatments – Avène – Cleanance K  rated 2 of 5 gingerrama on 3/21/2008 7:53:00 PM

Well now. While I’ve given this a 2, that’s a compromise rating to include hypothetical OK performance (3) and a 1 for performance on this specific skin, that happens to be irritated by AHAs. I can see that this might be an excellent solution for some forms of acne, including what I have, localised late-onset hormonal cystic acne. But try before you buy, and maybe avoid if your skin Has Issues with AHAs: the K contains glycolic and lactic acids.
The K is supposed to moisturize (Avene thermal spring water, glycerin, silicones), mattify and regulate sebum production (zinc gluconate in acrylate microcapsules, pumpkin seed oil extract), and do the usual HA business of surface peeling and pore deep-cleansing.
Unfortunately, my skin reacted to the K. On a first attempt, it stung badly, went red, etc. and had to be washed fast. On a second attempt (next day), a very thin layer was initially OK, then started to react (and I accidentally licked my top lip and got the K on it, and that was very gross indeed). Off it came. Now, I’m fine with Avene’s Cleanance (without the “keratoreducing” K), whose formula is very like this one, minus the AHAs and with a bit more BHA (salicylic acid). When I first put the K on, it felt quite like the non-K. I’m guessing that the K would have similar or better effects, if your skin can tolerate the AHA. Hypothesizing aside, I can certainly recommend the non-K for more sensitive skin.
This costs in the region of EUR 12.00-15.00 for a 40 ml tube (more in the US etc.).
INGREDIENTS: Avène thermal spa water • Cyclomethicone • Water • Glycolic Acid • Propylene Glycol • Glycerin • Polyacrylamide • Lactic Acid • Polymethyl Methacrylate • Sodium Hydroxide • C13-14 Isoparaffin • Disodium Phosphate • Bisabolol • Citric Acid • Cucurbita Pepo (pumpkin seed oil) • Dimethiconol • Disodium EDTA • Fragrance • Laureth-7 • Polysorbate 20 • Salicylic Acid • Zinc Gluconate

Scrubs – The Body Shop – Pumice Foot Scrub  rated 5 of 5 gingerrama on 12/13/2007 12:06:00 PM

The bomb for tired feet, along with the accompanying peppermint foot & leg products (the leg gel and foot spray are also 5-rated; I’d give all three a 5* if I could). Accompany with some nice hot tea (mint or otherwise).
I’ve used this unappealing-looking but aromatic grey pumice/peppermint scrub off and on for something like 20 years. It’s been a staple after being on my feet all day – waitressing, teaching, hiking – and gives a near-miraculous new lease of life to feet that were in agony, unable to stand let alone walk – that level of exhaustion.
The peppermint set is also one of my most frequent presents to friends, who have even asked for repeat gifts of same. That’s a pretty good sign.
Costs about EUR 7.50 / GBP 5.00 / USD 11.00. Shame it doesn’t come in bigger tubs, like the lemongrass scrub (not as good).
INGREDIENTS: Aqua (Water) (Solvent/Diluent), Pumice (Exfoliant), Sodium Laureth Sulfate (Surfactant), Acrylates/Steareth-20 Methacrylate Copolymer (Viscosity Modifier), Sodium Magnesium Silicate (Viscosity Modifier), Polysorbate 20 (Emulsifier), Lauryl Betaine (Surfactant), Benzyl Alcohol (Preservative), Phenoxyethanol (Preservative), Mentha arvensis (Peppermint Oil) (Fragrance/Essential Oil), Potassium Sorbate (Preservative), Tetrasodium Pyrophosphate (Buffering Agent/Chelating Agent), Limonene (Fragrance Ingredient), Sodium Salicylate (Preservative), Parfum (Fragrance), Citric Acid (pH Adjuster), Linalool (Fragrance Ingredient).


Treatments – Origins – Spot Remover  rated 5 of 5 gingerrama on 11/24/2007 1:18:00 PM

The Bomb when it comes to the highest escalation of hostilities in the Just War against evil pimples. Clear gel containing 1% salicylic acid (aka BHA), plus witch hazel (’nuff said) and clove bud oil (an antiseptic – used in some mouthwash, and the buds themselves can be chewed to relieve some mouth and throat complaints).
Be warned: the Remover is intense. It works – in my experience – very well, but must be used carefully. Brilliant so long as you stop it from removing the rest of your skin at the same time. Further warnings further on in review.
Use directly on the zit, and nowhere else, using a cotton-wool bud/Q-tip, and at most morning and evening. At the time of application, the Remover-ed skin will sting and feel a bit numb. Soon after, the zit shrivels, dries up, and vanishes.
The Ginerrama skin is sensitive (ex. reacts to AHA); but it *CAN* cope with gentle use of the Remover. I use Paula’s Choice 2% BHA Liquid dotted on my zit-producing zones in the evening, and the Remover on zits proper, when they rear their ugly heads. I’ve not had any of the deeply unpleasant subcutaneous volcanoes, and found zits are few and go very fast (1-2 days). The other factors:
(1) I have been scrupulous about only using a very light and simple moisturiser, and not on my zittier areas, except a tiny amount on my chin in the evening – only if chin is dry and tight to the touch.
(2) Using a more moisturizing cleanser has also helped here (emulsifying ointment – basically like unfragranced cold cream – or else washing with emollient cream).
(3) I do not use any makeup on any zits that come up (I used to use concealer and/or powder).
(4) Omega-3 and -6 capsules (see further on notepad).
WARNING: The Remover should be treated with respect. It works on me (and I have quite sensitive skin), but treated with great care and caution, and applied delicately. If the Remover is applied in a thicker layer, or rubbed in, or if any is allowed to stray around your target of intent, then dire things occur. Irritation. Dryness. Flakes and scabs. This happened to me, when I was clumsy in my early use of the Remover. Skin did heal (in a day or so), and didn’t scar, but necessitated extra moisturizing and a dab of zinc oxide cream, and definitely hurt. So do beware – precise topical application only, and just delicate dabbing.
If your skin is very super duper sensitive, it might be worth avoiding this stuff completely. Maybe try the gentler form of salicylic acid of an aspirin mask: again, applied only to affected areas. (I used to use this when I had more breakouts, as a teenager.) I would also recommend a basic disinfectant like benz. peroxide + then zinc oxide / baby nappy(diaper) rash cream on top. These alternatives are all cheap and easy to find.
The Remover comes in a tiny plastic container, with a small hole opening and screw-top. USD/GBP 10.00 – 12.00, alas EUR 16.00 but worth every penny as it works, and used sparingly and seldom. Like other Origins products, not tested on animals.
INGREDIENTS: alcohol denat. – witch hazel – acrylates/c10-30 alkyl acrylate crosspolymer – salicylic acid – essential oils: oregano, eugenol, limonene, and clove buds.

Scrubs – Olive oil & salt hand scrub  rated 5 of 5 gingerrama on 11/21/2007 4:12:00 PM

This review is going to be double-listed as a nail treatment. Could be used as a whole-body scrub, though not in the form and practical format of this review…
While in the kitchen, once food is doing its own thing on the cooking front, why not take 5 minutes to give yourself a hand massage? A hand rub that’s also an exfoliating scrub, deep moisturizing treatment, and cuticle remover and nail smoother.
Simply pour a little olive oil into the palm of one hand – about a capful / big teaspoonful. I have used various oils, from standard cooking mixed-origin plain olive, through to fancy extra virgins that can name the hillock (if not the tree) they came from. Much the same result, I found – but some smell nicer than others, and things smelling nice always makes them work better. One could add various scented oils at this point. I like the olive smell, though.
Add about a 1/2 teaspoonful of fine salt. Not coarse-grain: the finer the better. Can be sea-salt, or plain old ordinary.
Mix this up and rub it into both hands. Continue rubbing and massaging, paying particular attention to fingertips, cuticles, hangnails, and the nails themselves. Use a timer if need be – do this for a good five minutes or so. There may be a little tingling. Then rinse off with warm water. Under the tap will do fine. And dry.
Produces nice smooth happy hands. Using the same basic ingredients as many shop-bought and much more expensive scrubs.
Variant: first rub hands just with olive oil for a couple of minutes; then get another person to pour some salt onto the backs of your hands, and do the salt-rub thing. My man once jokingly added black pepper and some herbs, and making inviting motions towards the oven. Thyme is good – lovely scent when rubbed, and sufficiently small particles to be scrubby rather than rubby – rosemary not a good idea.

Treatments – Clarins – Beauty Flash Balm  rated 4 of 5 gingerrama on 11/5/2007 8:19:00 AM

I nearly forgot how fabulous this stuff is – got another free sample recently, which reminded me; it’s been living in my bag, in one incarnation or another, for years. I’d nearly been guilty of taking it for granted.
Pale pinkish fluid-cream, comes in a tube. The larger sample is worth going down on your knees for, as it’s nearly 1/3 the size of a full tube. It has a slightly odd smell straight out the tube – like some scented baby powders and creams – but that does fade. The formula does indeed contain fragrance. Silicone-free. Contains olive, rice bran, witch-hazel, and algae extracts, plus bisabolol (chamomile-extract anti-irritant).
There are three methods of application:
(1) a very fine coat, applied but not rubbed in (tricky – and there’s the rub), on top of moisturiser and under whatever you’re putting on top;
(2) the same, on top of whatever your face is wearing, as a pick-me-up later in the day;
(3) in a thicker layer, as a mask. Like many others, I’d used it this way for long-distance travel. It does stop you drying out – compared to just moisturiser – but is not as good as a layer of Clinique Moisture Surge or, indeed, of a really heavy moisturiser (Eucerin, E45, Nivea, vaseline-based things like 8 Hour Cream).
The results – varying of course from skin to skin: skin feels smoother and tighter, but in a calm and soothed way – no irritation and drying out. Skin may look brighter / at least less haggard. I found the difference most remarkable when the Flash was applied at the end of the day, when I had about 10 mins. to get ready for some after-work event. From grey to lively. I haven’t bought this in years, but usually keep a free sample tube in my bag’s “just in case” titivation section. (Hardly a section – the Flash, a lipstick, two or three q-tips, and a mini travel perfume-spray filled with whatever my current tipple happens to be.)
Prices (50 ml): EUR 30.00 (approx) / GBP24.00 / USD42.00
INGREDIENTS: water – propylene glycol – octyldodecanol – oryza sativa – polysorbate 60 – sorbitan stearate – olea europaea – triethanolamin – carbomer – bisabolol – phenoxyethanol – parfum – hamamelis virginiana – algae – sodium citrate – methylparaben – isobutylparaben – propylparaben – potassium sorbate – hexyl cinnamal – linalool – coumarin – benzyl salicylate – hydroxyisohexyl 3-cyclohexene carboxaldehyde – butylphenyl methylpropional – hydroxycitronellal – citronellol – geraniol – alpha-isomethyl ionone – eugenol – limonene – isoeugenol – ci 15985.

Treatments – Paula’s Choice – Super Antioxidant Concentrate  rated 5 of 5 gingerrama on 10/15/2007 8:03:00 AM

PC’s Super Antioxidant Concentrate is a very fine high-grade silicone-based antioxidant serum. Considering its formula and contents, it’s one of the bargains of the century (see further, and in greater detail, in others’ many excellent reviews below).
NB This review is for the old formula – still sold in Europe. The US version has been reformulated and looks different. See end of review.
PC makes three versions of the concentrate, the others being a mattifying one for oilier skins and an oilier one for drier skins (it has lots of evening primrose and olive oils and suchlike). I’ve used both the one for drier skins (“skin recovery”) and this one, the middle-of-the-road one for “all skin types.” This one may contain the greatest concentration of antioxidants of the three versions. It’s good on drier skins (friends with drier skin agree), and may not be suitable for the less dry or for those with a sensitivity to silicone. You’ll see from the reviews for all three versions that people often find that the best version for their skin may go against its perceived type, so I would strongly suggest buying the sample sizes of all three and trying them out, say for a week each. This will at least be long enough to see if your skin is unhappy with one or other of the formula(e), and will not have broken the bank.
I used the Middle-of-the-Road first (way back, long ago…) then the dry-skin one, then switched back to this. No problems with either, and that’s on slightly dry and quite sensitive skin. I had moved to over to the drier one due to changing contraceptive pill, and my skin becoming drier. I moved back to this, lighter one, as off the pill (wahey) and using jojoba oil instead of moisturizer at night (hence also less need for extra oil).
I use this at night, all over my face, after cleansing and massaging in the fabulous jojoba oil and applying some eye cream. Only a small amount is needed – I’d agree with other reviewers on a pea-sized quantity – and if you use too much, just rub it into the backs of your hands. Skin is delightful the next day. To be fair, this also has a lot to do with the jojoba oil. Between this night-time routine and using sunscreen during the day, skin is happy and looks good. A tube lasts a long time.
Price: $/EUR18 (sample size: $/EUR 1.10). Good deals on postage in the US, including regular free postage, so consolidate your orders. In Europe, much pricier postage, but as it’s by weight you can benefit to some extent from ordering several months’ supplies in one go.
(1) Europe – old formula
Polydimethylsiloxane (silicone slip agent), Tetrahexyldecyl Ascorbate, Magnesium Ascorbyl Phosphate, Superoxide Dismutase, Tocotrienol (stabilized, vitamin-based antioxidants), Alpha Lipoic Acid, Curcuma Longa, Lycopene, Lutein (antioxidants), Oat Beta Glucan (anti-irritant), Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride (emollient), Glycerin (NMF), Lupinus Albus (antioxidant), Retinyl Palmitate (stabilized, vitamin-based antioxidant), Arctostaphylos UVA Ursi (Bearberry) Extract (antioxidant), Glycyrhiza Glabra (Licorice) Extract (anti-irritant), Propylparaben (preservative)
(2) US – new formula
Cyclopentasiloxane, Polydimethylsiloxane (silicone slip agents), Carthamus Tinctorius (Safflower) Oil (non-volatile plant oil), Camellia Olefiera (Green Tea) Leaf Extract, Arctostaphylos Uva-Ursi (Bearberry) Extract, Lupinus Albus (Lupine) Seed Extract, Solanum Lycopersicum (Tomato) Extract (antioxidants), Avena Sativa (Oat) Kernel Extract (anti-irritant), Tocopheryl Acetate (vitamin E/antioxidant), Glycyrrhiza Glabra (Licorice) Root Extract (anti-irritant), Tetrahexyldecyl Ascorbate, Retinyl Palmitate, Tocotrienols (stabilized, vitamin-based antioxidants), Phenoxyethanol (preservative).

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